Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world. According to statistics, in the year 2019/2020, more than 9.8 billion kg of coffee was consumed. In recent years, where its popularity has grown rapidly, the scientific community has begun to investigate its effect in the human body and health.
Starting from Ikaria, a member of the Blue Zones, the 5 regions worldwide with longer life expectancy and better health indicators, the search for the secret led, among other things, to coffee consumption.
Coffee, and specifically Greek coffee, is a daily habit of the inhabitants of the island regardless of age. In the context of the “IKARIA Study”, the effect of coffee was examined in cardiovascular health of people aged 66-91 years. Indeed, 87% of the sample used to consume at least one cup of coffee per day and this seemed to improve endothelial function, i.e. the function of the inner layer of the vessels, and therefore by expansion, cardiovascular function.
These findings were confirmed by a study conducted in 2019. Specifically, the relationship between coffee consumption and mortality of all causes, but especially due to cardiovascular disease, was investigated. In this case, too, the results showed a positive effect of coffee consumption on the aforementioned issue. Both studies reported that their effects were probably due to the antioxidants contained in coffee. Research data show that the action of the favorite drink is protective, when it is consumed in moderate quantities, about 1-2 cups per day.